## Probability Space

The sample space $\Omega$ is the set of all possible outcomes of an experiment. Points in $\omega \in \Omega$ are outcomes or realizations.

The sample space $\Omega$ is the set of all possible outcomes of an experiment. Points in $\omega \in \Omega$ are outcomes or realizations.

Definition 2.5.1 Let $\{s_n\}$ be a sequence in $\mathbb{R}$. The limit superior of $\{s_n\}$, denoted as $\limsup_{n\to\infty}s_n$, is defined as

Definition 2.4.1 Let \(\{p_n\}\) be a sequence and let \(\{n_k\}\) be strictly increasing sequence, i.e. $n_1 < n_2 <n_3 < \cdots$. We call \(\{p_{n...

Definition 2.3.1 A sequence \(\{a_n\}\) is said to be (a) monotone increasing if $a_n \leq a_{n+1}$ for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$ (b) monotone decreasing if $a_...

Theorem 2.1.3 (Triangular inequality) For all $x,y\in \mathbb{R}, \lvert x+y\rvert\leq \vert x\rvert+\vert y\rvert$